A common problem in art and design is that creative practice is often presented as research under the label of practice-based or practice-led research. This problem arises on the one hand from the wish of practitioners to use their creative practice in research, and on the other from a persistent uncertainty about the role of creative practice in relation to the requirement for making a contribution to knowledge within research. In this paper, we discuss existing terminology and relate it to the different role(s) practice can take within research with regard to the contribution of knowledge. To this end, we analyse and categorise existing terminology concerning different roles of practice. We then examine how practice can be used in research in valid and rigorous ways. We thus aim to provide an important basis for the further development of the debate on research in art and design.
Research methodology, practice-based research, knowledge contribution
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