1. The respective importance of basic research,applied research and experimental development , as an indication of towards whom the research policies are directed and of research industry relations.
2. The balance between technological emulation and innovation,as a reflection of the knowledge stock and focus.
3. The use of defence originated research for developing civilian applications, as an indication of the degree of interaction between different policy areas.
4. The extent to which the lack of funding, equipment and human resources can act as a constraint to creating knowledge and transferring it to society.